Second Generation Biofuel – An Alternative Clean Fuel


  • Shalu Patel M. Tech, Department of Energy Center, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, M.P, India
  • Savita Dixit Professor and Head, Department of Chemistry, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, M.P, India
  • Kavita Gidwani Suneja Assistant Professor, Department of Energy Center, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, M.P, India
  • Nilesh Tipan Phd Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, M.P, India



Renewable Energy, Automobiles, Biodiesel, Biomass. Renewable Energy, Automobiles, Biodiesel, Biomass.


Renewable energy resources are in high demand to decrease dependence on fossil fuels and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Biofuel industries, particularly bioethanol and biodiesel, have been rapidly increasing in tandem with agricultural production over more than a decade. First-generation biofuel manufacturing is heavily reliant on agriculture food sources like maize, sugarcane, sugar beets, soybeans, and canola.  As a result, the intrinsic competitiveness among foods and fuels has been a point of contention in community for the past couple of years. Existing technological advancements in research and innovation have paved the way for the manufacturing of next-generation biofuels from a variety of feedstock’s, including agricultural waste materials, crops remnants and cellulosic biomass from high-yielding trees and bushes varieties.  This report discusses the existing state of second-generation biofuel manufacturing as well as the feedstock utilized in fuel production, biofuel production globally and the current situation in India. This study also explores the current advancements in the findings and advancement of second-generation biofuel extraction from various feedstock’s. The forthcoming directions of agriculture and energy industrial sectors has also been addressed in order to feed the world 's growing population and to fuel the world's most energy-intensive industry, transportation.


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How to Cite

Patel, S. ., Dixit, S. ., Suneja, K. G. ., & Tipan, N. (2021). Second Generation Biofuel – An Alternative Clean Fuel. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE, 7(3), 13–21.