SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience <h2 data-fontsize="18" data-lineheight="27"><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE</strong></h2> <p><strong>IJOSCIENCE (International Journal Online of Science<em>)</em>&nbsp; is an international peer-reviewed Journal which publishes monthly. IJOSCIENCE has been granted ISSN&nbsp;&nbsp;No 2455-0108 in the year 2015.</strong></p> <h3 class="fusion-page-title-bar fusion-page-title-bar-none fusion-page-title-bar-left">Publication Model</h3> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h4><strong>IJOSCIECE is an Open Access journal and we don’t receive any grant by any organization, hence we ask our authors to pay Article Processing Charge (APC). APC covers the expense of the administrative cost, the peer review process, publication processes, online publication, hosting the website, online security (virus attack), etc. An author will be asked to pay the publication fee along with the acceptance letter.</strong></h4> <p>Authors paying fees do not mean that the process would be curtailed short or they can get their publication fast.&nbsp; IJELLH does not compromise with its quality standards.&nbsp; We do not accept any fee unless a manuscript meets its set benchmarks or standards. &nbsp;This fee is only charged to meet the publication expense requirements. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Ownership Statement</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;International Journal Online of Humanities (IJOHMN) is published by <a href="https://smartmovesonline.org/">SMART MOVES</a> publication, Bhopal, India.&nbsp;Smart Moves is the publishing house which was established in the year 2014.</p> <p>Smart Moves&nbsp;is publishing research papers in order to enable online platform to reach international research fraternity.&nbsp;Smart Moves also publishes books in both formats, ebooks and print mode.</p> <p>The organization has been placing their efforts to cover all research topics, which are effectively impacting a human’s life bit by bit.</p> <p>We are publishing four open-access online journals&nbsp;Please find details below- &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>1-<a href="http://ijellh.com/">http://ijellh.com/</a></p> <p>2-<a href="http://ijoscience.com/">http://ijoscience.com/</a></p> <p>3-<a href="http://ijosthe.com/">http://ijosthe.com/&nbsp;</a></p> <p><a href="http://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience">4-http://ijoscience.com/</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US info@ijoscience.com (JOHN) contact@ijoscience.com (Sandeep) Tue, 22 Jun 2021 08:47:27 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 CFD Analysis on Francis Turbine to Analyse Erosion Wear Due to Sediment Flow https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/389 <p><strong>In present work Computational fluid dynamics analysis based erosion wear prediction is performed for Francis turbine components, especially the runner. For the geometrical parameters, Francis turbine model with steady state condition and viscous flow turbulence SST model using ANSYS Fluent. The erosion effect on all the three component such as spiral casing, runner &amp; draft tube has been studied for different concentration of sand particles from 1% - 6%. For each of those concentration the effect of variation in size has been studied for different sizes 10 ?m - 80 ?m. Further the effect of total erosion was also analyzed for different particle size. Erosion damage is found close to the upper and lower portions of the leading edge of the stay vane. some erosion spots at guide vane on the blade pressure side where suction side has minimum erosion. Maximum erosion damage observed on runner especially at the middle of the blade. The draft tube situated closer to runner having highest velocity due to high absolute velocity of water coming out from the runner does not produce any serious erosion effect. Results shows that erosion rate is maximum on runner at particle size 80 ?m for all sand concentration 1% to 6%&nbsp; and minimum at 30 ?m. Thus, 30 ?m is the optimum size of sand particles for the erosion. </strong></p> Uttam Singh Yadav , Shravan Vishwakarma, Jitendra Mishra Copyright (c) 2021 Uttam Singh Yadav, Shravan Vishwakarma, Jitendra Mishra http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/389 Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A Review on Energy Efficient Clustering Algorithms for IOT Application https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/388 <p>A large range of applications in different areas are available in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The Internet of Things (IoT), which allows connections between various objects or devices through the internet, was one of the most recent emerging applications. However, as opposed to mobile ad-hoc networks, WSNs have a greater concern for battery capacity, which affects the network’s durability. Therefore, numerous studies have focused on reducing the WSN’s energy use. One of the many approaches to minimizing the energy of the WSNs is to design a hierarchical clustering algorithm. In this paper, an algorithm for IoT applications is presented that is based on energy-efficient clustering and the cluster head election process</p> Roshnee Adlak, Pooja Meena Copyright (c) 2021 Roshnee Adlak, Pooja Meena http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/388 Wed, 28 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 An Analytical Review on Application of Deep Learning in Medical Big Data Analysis https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/387 <p><strong>The data of medical health has also incremented dramatically and methods of interpreting medical-driven huge big data have originated as the requirement with time, assisting in the reorganization of medical health condition intelligently the with the use of technologies of computer widely. Due to the heterogeneous, noisy, and unstructured nature of medical big data, it is still a difficult task to analyze medical big data. The conventional methods of machine learning can’t find out the major information involved in the medical big data efficiently, while deep learning designs a hierarchical model. It consists of effective features of extraction, potential feature expression, and typical model construction. This paper is dedicated to surveying different approaches for medical big data processing using a deep learning approach and extracting finding for future research scope</strong></p> Subham Kumar, Dr. Farha Haneef Copyright (c) 2021 Subham Kumar, Dr. Farha Haneef http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/387 Wed, 28 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Application of Machine Learning in Fingerprint Image Enhancement and Recognition: A Review https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/386 <p><strong>Biometric characteristics helps to recognize an individual among others. Each individual has a unique biometric feature. So, an automated system is designed to recognize an individual. In today’s growing AI development, biometric recognition is applied in many security systems. One of oldest and widely used authentic biometric methodology is fingerprint recognition. Many fingerprint recognition algorithms are designed and developed in order to reduce error rate and to improve accuracy. In this paper, a comprehensive review is presented on various techniques used for fingerprint recognition system along with their performance and their limitations. The purpose of this paper is to review various recent work on the fingerprint recognition system, to explain step by step the steps for recognizing fingerprints, and to provide summaries of the fingerprint databases with functionality</strong></p> Kshitij Singh, Dr. Gireesh Kumar Dixit Copyright (c) 2021 Kshitij Singh, Dr. Gireesh Kumar Dixit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/386 Fri, 23 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Review on Contingency and its Effects in Transmission Lines https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/385 <p><strong>A component failure in a power system is known as a contingency. The system must return to an acceptable state of equilibrium after the contingency. Post-contingency correction factors are important for maintaining reliability. Correction factors require analysis of contingent liabilities. Various methods are used to perform contingency analysis. Control of the transmission system has been described in this document. The pricing conditions and associated parameters for the different types of transmission lines have been described. The article focuses on all the parameters necessary for the analysis of transmission systems and their limits.</strong></p> Jayprakash Giri, sh. Rajiv chauhan, Smt. Nidhi Mishra Copyright (c) 2021 Jayprakash Giri Sh. Rajiv Chauha,, Smt. Nidhi Mishra http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/385 Thu, 28 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Optimization of Efficiency of Solar PV by Cleaning Mechanism: A Review https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/384 <p><strong>Solar photovoltaic systems have long been used to generate power for various applications since the 1990s. The efficiency of the solar photovoltaic model is determined by the available solar radiation and various environmental factors such as humidity, temperature, dust, snow, bird droppings, etc. This environmental factor reduces the performance of the photovoltaic modules. This document discusses the different technologies for cleaning PV modules with their performance in different environments. The problems associated with the different types of cleaning systems are also discussed. </strong></p> Utpal Srivastava, Dr Rajeev Arya, Shravan Vishwakarma Copyright (c) 2021 Utpal Srivastava, Dr Rajeev Arya, Shravan Vishwakarma http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/384 Thu, 10 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Article of Review on Computational Analysis on Performance of Solar Pond using Polycrystalline Material https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/383 <p><strong>The</strong> <strong>Solar pond is a pool of salt water stratified into 3 different layers, when radiations from the sun heats up the pond this heat energy gets stored in the lower most layers, thus making it as a heat source. Latent heat thermal energy storage is constantly an attractive method to store thermal energy due to because of its capacity to give high energy storage density and it also has a property to store heat at almost constant temperatures equivalent to the phase transition temperature of phase change materials (PCM). The aim of the thesis is to develop a CFD-based simulation analysis model of solar pond to analyze the double-diffusive nature of temperature and the saline concentration distributions, also to form a stable three-layer system of energy storage using computational fluid dynamics. The main objective of this study was to design solar pond modal with three layers in it and also to explore the effects of addition of material with high conductivity on the characteristics of heat transfer of pure PCM.</strong></p> Sehrish Rehman, Dr Rajeev Arya, Shravan Vishwakarma Copyright (c) 2021 Sehrish Rehman, Dr Rajeev Arya, Shravan Vishwakarma http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/383 Thu, 10 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Performance Study on IEEE Bus System for Contingency Problem and Mitigation https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/382 <p><strong>The increasing dependence of most businesses on electricity requires regular improvements in distribution systems. The main objective of this study is to provide load balancing in the distribution network by reducing the loss of system performance without violating the voltage and current limits of the power supplies. And the selection of the power system contingency by calculating the transmission line failure performance indices using the load flow analysis on the IEEE 14 bus system. To determine and tabulate the voltage on each bus, the actual current flow on each line and power system leak for specified bus or terminal conditions. Use of DC studies where stress conditions also vary. In this paper, the selection and classification of potential liabilities, important for the analysis of potential liabilities, was carried out by evaluating two important performance indices, namely the active and reactive power index (PIp &amp; PIv). The global performance index (OPI) is calculated. It is the sum of two severity indices, namely the real power index and the voltage power index using the direct current flow method. The work was carried out on the bus system 14 and the line between the buses (9-10) was extremely sensitive to the emergency problem of the described system.</strong></p> Jayprakash Giri, Sh. Rajiv Chauhan, Smt. Nidhi Mishra Copyright (c) 2021 Jayprakash Giri, Sh. Rajiv Chauhan, Smt. Nidhi Mishra http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/382 Mon, 29 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A Review on Triple Tube Heat Exchanger on Optimizing Thermal Efficiency https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/381 <p><strong>Over the past few decades, technological developments have faced challenges in meeting cooling needs. Further work is underway on optimal heat transfer in concentric heat exchangers; one of the double tube heat exchangers examined is the triple tube heat exchanger (TTHE). Three-pipe heat exchangers were found to be more efficient than two-pipe heat exchangers. This review presented is the working principle of the triple concentric tube heat exchanger and the proposed methodology is used in a computational fluid dynamics algorithm.&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong></p> Mr Suryakant, Shravan Vishwakarma, Jitendra Mishra Copyright (c) 2020 Suryakant, Shravan Vishwakarma, Jitendra Mishra http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/381 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Study of the Current Trends and Opportunities of E-commerce and its Comparative Study in Rural and Urban Areas of India https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/380 <p><strong>Electronic commerce, commonly referred to as electronic commerce, deals with products or services on computer networks such as the Internet. The positive and negative effects of e-commerce have an impact on physical or traditional retail formats in the trade field. And detecting the essential factors for the growth of e-commerce in India. To analyse the current trends and opportunities of e-commerce in India. And the comparative study of emerging e-commerce businesses in rural and urban areas in India. And the study of the emerging trends of e-commerce and its development in Indian prospects. It is clear that the Indian rural market is emerging as a preferred destination for marketers looking to hit volume. Companies struggling to survive in the urban market also show a positive coating. Before entering these markets, however, it is urgent to thoroughly study the rural dynamics and demographics or factors affecting demand in the target area, as the entire rural market cannot be considered as a homogeneous mass. In order to attract the masses from rural areas, E-Commerce Industries have introduced mobile applications to influence them, as well as vendors to buy and sell products/services on the mobile Internet. Rural Indians recognize the differences in their opportunities to learn new products and services in the electronic marketplace. The paradigms of rural markets are changing in the 21st century. Companies need to study needs, culture, behavior, etc. rural population and formulate various innovative strategies to explore the opportunistic and promising market. Success largely depends on the long-term vision. Creativity, innovative strategies and quick action to get started early mean more profit.</strong></p> Pankaj Kapoor, Dr. Manoj Kumar Khare Copyright (c) 2021 Pankaj Kapoor, Dr. Manoj Kumar Khare http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/380 Fri, 04 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A Review on Hybrid Solar PV Air Cooled Module https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/379 <p><strong>The cooling of the operating area is an essential operational factor to be taken into account in order to obtain greater efficiency in the operation of photovoltaic systems. Adequate cooling can improve electrical efficiency and reduce the rate of cell damage over time, which helps maximize the life of photovoltaic modules. The excess heat dissipated by the cooling system can be used in a domestic, commercial or industrial setting. Various cooling technologies are included in the review article: hybrid photovoltaic/heating systems cooled by forced air circulation, thermoelectric cooling system, water immersion cooling technology, and improved performance of solar modules using solar cells.</strong></p> Alok Kumar Singh , Dr Rajeev Arya, Shravan Vishwakarma Copyright (c) 2021 Alok Kumar Singh, Dr Rajeev Arya, Shravan Vishwakarma http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijoscience.com/ojsscience/index.php/ojsscience/article/view/379 Wed, 28 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000