SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE <h2 data-fontsize="18" data-lineheight="27"><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE</strong></h2> <p><strong>IJOSCIENCE (International Journal Online of Science<em>)</em> is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes monthly. IJOSCIENCE has been granted ISSN No 2455-0108 in the year 2015.</strong></p> <h3 class="fusion-page-title-bar fusion-page-title-bar-none fusion-page-title-bar-left">Publication Model</h3> <p> </p> <h4><strong>IJOSCIECE is an Open Access journal and we don’t receive any grant by any organization, hence we ask our authors to pay Article Processing Charge (APC). APC covers the expense of the administrative cost, the peer review process, publication processes, online publication, hosting the website, online security (virus attack), etc. An author will be asked to pay the publication fee along with the acceptance letter.</strong></h4> <p>Authors paying fees do not mean that the process would be curtailed short or they can get their publication fast. IJOSCIENCE does not compromise with its quality standards. We do not accept any fee unless a manuscript meets its set benchmarks or standards. This fee is only charged to meet the publication expense requirements. </p> <p>See the <a href="">Call for Paper</a> webpage for the Article Processing Fee information.</p> <p><strong>Ownership Statement</strong></p> <p>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE iis published by <a href="">SMART MOVES</a> publications, Bhopal, M.P., India. <strong>SMART MOVES</strong> (organisation name) is a registered organisation in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Smart Moves is a publishing house that was established in the year 2012. Mr Rajeev Tiwari (name of a person) is the proprietor/owner of Smart Moves. SMART MOVES is a for-profit publishing organisation.</p> <p><strong>About SMART MOVES</strong></p> <p>Please find the link to our publisher website <a href="">SMART MOVES</a></p> <p>Smart Moves is publishing research papers in order to enable online platforms to reach the international research fraternity. Smart Moves also publishes books in both formats, ebooks and print mode.</p> <p>We are publishing four open-access online journals Please find details below- </p> <p> 1-<a href=""></a></p> <p>2-<a href=""></a></p> <p>3-<a href=""></a></p> <p>4-<a href=""></a></p> en-US <p align="justify">IJOSCIENCE follows an Open Journal Access policy. Authors retain the copyright of the original work and grant the rights of publication to the publisher with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons CC BY License </a>that allows others to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. Authors are permitted to post their work in institutional repositories, social media or other platforms. </p> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <ul id="deed-conditions-no-icons" class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> </div> </div> (JOHN) (Sandeep) Tue, 18 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Development of Improved Dense Graded Bituminous Macadam with Low Density polyethylene and High Density Polyethylene with Zykotherm Intermixing <p><strong>The utilisation of leftover polythene in flexible road constructions is discussed in this paper. In flexible pavements, recovered polymer debris such as carry bags from supermarkets and water bottles, coldrink bottles&nbsp;(LDPE) and plastic bottle caps (HDPE) have been utilised as additives. We'll also use a fixed amount of Zykotherm in this experiment (ZycoTherm is an odourless ingredient that boosts moisture tolerance while decreasing blending and compaction temperatures by up to 65°F). The aforementioned components were chosen for two reasons: to use economically and environmentally undesirable trash and to build a superior material mixture to withstand higher traffic loads, temperature effects, and pressure, which results in fractures in the pavement surface.&nbsp;The polymer debris will be processed and reduced into a size that would flow through a 2-3mm filter in the research study utilizing a shredding machine. </strong></p> <p><strong>In this investigation, a Dense Bituminous Macadam (DBM) mixture is&nbsp;being&nbsp;presented&nbsp;to be&nbsp;prepared utilizing&nbsp;pure bitumen as a control sample and bitumen blended with LDPE 2 percent and 4 percent &amp; HDPE 2 percent, 3 percent, 4 percent, 5 percent by weight, with a specific amount of Zykotherm of 1.5 percent by weight. On control and modified DBM mixes, the Marshall Stability Test, Penetration Test, and Softening Point Test were performed.</strong></p> Anjana Patel, Afzal Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Anjana Patel, Afzal Khan Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Designing and Execution of 3-Level Stabilizing unit in Hybrid Photovoltaic and Wind Energy Systems <p><strong>The fundamental concept of control for a three-legged IGBT-based voltage source regulator-based stabiliser was thoroughly discussed in this paper. The proposed technique's effectiveness and efficiency in a two-machine based model is demonstrated by a comparative analysis in a grid integrated hybrid system. The hybrid solar wind system produces 400 volts of voltage. A comparative analysis of the various stabilisation control algorithms is currently underway. Three algorithms have been used to implement the system. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) control, hysteresis control, and neural network modified PSO control are all possible with PI..</strong></p> Piyush Kumar, Nand Lal Shah Copyright (c) 2022 Piyush Kumar, Nand Lal Shah Tue, 18 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Performance of Internal Combustion Engine - A Review <p><strong>To maintain a machine running, a variety of fuels are required. Millions around the world have continued to work on the Internal Combustion (IC) engine, its processes, and its development despite the passage of time. In recent years, the main focus has been on improving fuel economy and lowering emissions. There is no alternative type that provides significant fuel economy or controlled emission perks, and none that compares to today's engines in terms of overall ease, protection, and adaptability, according to researchers. Thus, in this paper, we are discussing combustion engines, their types, and how they work, as well as the work done by a number of researchers to improve the efficiency of heat exchangers in combustion engines of various geometries.</strong></p> Shahil Kumar, Mr. Vishal Diwakar Copyright (c) 2022 Shahil Kumar Mr. Vishal Diwakar Tue, 18 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Successive Interference Cancellation using LSTM in MIMO <p><strong>OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) is a wireless network methodology that sends multiple data streams across a particular channel while effectiently&nbsp;handling inter-symbol interference and enhancing&nbsp;frequency band available. And since the antenna is sending&nbsp;signals, evaluating the noise in a noisy channel is essential. This research aims into compressed sensing (CS) as a way to improve throughput and BER&nbsp;performance by transmitting additional data bits within every subcarrier frame whilst still limiting detector unpredictability. The Neuro-LS methodology is used in this study to generate a soft trellis decoding algorithm through&nbsp;channel estimation. Trellis decoding performs better BER, and DNN relying&nbsp;channel estimation outperforms BER, according to the findings. </strong></p> Raushan Kumar, Dr. Nikhil Ranjan Copyright (c) 2021 Raushan Kumar, Dr. Nikhil Ranjan, Dr. Bharti Chourasia Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Detailed Analysis of Unified Power Flow Controller- A Review <p><strong>Renewable techniques have become&nbsp;more appealing for producing energy in village and moderately village regions&nbsp;because they reduce&nbsp;degradation of environment&nbsp;and provide a plentiful supply of free and environmental energy. Several research works have been carried out all over the planet to assess and investigate the feasibility of hybrid&nbsp;renewable resources (combination of two or more)&nbsp;with the electricity generation for usage in diverse implementation&nbsp;and livelihoods. An explanation of photovoltaic renewable energy systems is demonstrated in this paper.</strong></p> Umar Hanfi, Prof. Shravan Vishwakarma Copyright (c) 2021 Umar Hanfi Prof. Shravan Vishwakarma Mon, 29 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Design and Performance Evaluation of Low-Speed Vertical Axis Wind Turbines with Wind Boosters using CFD Analysis <p><strong>The use of wind based&nbsp;energy is quickly expanding over the planet. The goal of this study is to use computational methods of fluid dynamics to develop a novel model&nbsp;of VAWT including&nbsp;Windbooster for various rotor blades like two, three, and four blades in order to enhance effectiveness. CAD modelling approaches&nbsp;of vertical axis wind turbines including and excluding&nbsp;booster are created. Including all vertical axis wind turbine blade designs including and excluding&nbsp;booster, torque, power, and Coefficient of performance are compared.The performance&nbsp;of three blades on the basis of mechanical properties includingi&nbsp;wind amplifier is 29.9% greater than two blades using wind amplifier, and four blades using wind amplifier is 21.5 percent greater&nbsp;than three blades using wind amplifier, according to the findings. Because the mechanical energy created by a four-blade wind booster wasn't as great as it is including&nbsp;three blades, VAWT employing&nbsp;three-blade wind booster seems to be more effective than VAWT with a two- or four-blade wind booster. For improved mechanical durability, VAWT with three-blade wind amplifier is recommended.</strong></p> Sardar Karanjeet Singh , Shravan Vishwakarma Copyright (c) 2021 Sardar Karanjeet Singh , Shravan Vishwakarma Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Overview of Hybrid Energy Solar Systems <p><strong>Reduced coal usage&nbsp;has resulted in the assimilation of the more renewable energy systems in latest electric power systems for a variety of reasons.Renewable Energy resources are playing most significant role in the developing countries. Solar energy and wind energy This work basically presents the basic overview of the Hybrid Energy Systems (HESs) which are utilized for inserting reactive power. </strong></p> Sanyam Indurkhya, Shravan Vishwakarma Copyright (c) 2021 Sanyam Indurkhya, Shravan Vishwakarma Mon, 28 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Comparison of Warming Efficiency of Greenhouse Solar Dryer with Four Distinct Design Implementations <p><strong>Drying is a technique for transferring warmth from a source to a product while also removing moisture from the product in a limited space. When using sun drying, the heat required for drying is primarily provided by solar energy. In this paper we have discussed about the fundamentals of different types of green house solar dryer, and to develop new design of solar dryer that would maximize warming efficiency. The main goal of this research is to run a computational fluid dynamics analysis on a previous model to analyze the influence of the highest warming within the greenhouse solar dryer.</strong></p> Mrigank Bhushan, Prof. Ashish Murchikar Copyright (c) 2021 Mrigank Bhushan, Prof. Ashish Murchikar Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Review on Transformer Fault Detection and Diagnosis Algorithms <p><strong>The method of fault diagnosis based on dissolved gas analysis (DGA) is of great importance to detect possible failures in the transformer and to improve the safety of the electrical system. The DGA data of the transformer in the smart grid has the characteristics of a large amount, different types and a low density of values. Since the power transformer is an important type of power supply in the electrical network, this document provides a complete overview of the power transformer and describes how to diagnose faults. Furthermore, on-line monitoring, the method of fault diagnosis and condition-based maintenance strategy decision-making method as also have been described. The paper presents detailed literature on the recent advancements and methods being adopted by various authors on fault detection.</strong></p> Mohammed Misbahul Islam, Mrs. Madhu Upadhyay Copyright (c) 2021 Mohammed Misbahul Islam, Mrs. Madhu Upadhyay Sat, 11 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis Utilizing AI Techniques for Optimum Performance At The Low Tension And The High Tension Line In BESS <p><strong>It has been a requisite for humanity to live since the electricity invented&nbsp;around an early 1900s. According to the electrical energy sector's economic constraints, power must be employed&nbsp;as quickly as practical after it is generated. Because storing large amounts of electrical energy is prohibitively expensive. However, as energy storage material becomes more accessible, dispersed production becomes more viable, especially with the Smart Grid concept.In this paper, we use the MATLAB - SIMULINK platform to investigate a battery energy storage system (BESS). We used an effective algorithm, which is really a part of artificial intelligence (AI), to develop a controller for a converter system.The research focused on the low tension line (regional loads) and the high tension line (HV) after the grid connection, where the framework also compels the electrical desire and reactive loads.</strong></p> Ajay kumar Gupta, Jyoti Bansal Copyright (c) 2021 Ajay Kumar Gupta , Jyoti Bansal Sat, 04 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A Comprehensive Analysis of DSTATCOM-Based Power Improvement <p>Power quality became one of the most critical challenges in today’s modern power system. Utmost primary factors of power quality issues are non-linear fluctuating&nbsp;loads, system interruption, load variances, infrequent loads, and arc furnaces. As a matter of fact, there is occurrence of various electrical distortions, along with voltage spikes, voltage sags, and so forth. Several innovative techniques were employed for the development of circuits which resulted in minimised voltage stability as well as reliability. &nbsp;Utility companies which are electrical&nbsp;are receiving a large quantity of&nbsp;complaints because of&nbsp;these challenges.&nbsp;&nbsp;An&nbsp;approach is required now&nbsp;to explore the&nbsp;power quality challenges&nbsp;in industrial sector, corporate sector, municipal, or domestic sites. Therefore, a few techniques known as Flexible AC transmission system (FACTs) are used to enhance power quality. It is divided into two categories: namely&nbsp;series-FACTs&nbsp;and shunt-FACTS. As name itself define its architecture that in series-FACTS comprised of transmission line which is connected in series with module and connected in parallel in shun-FACTs.&nbsp; &nbsp;We can alleviate the problems related to power quality with the help of these FACTS devices. D-STATCOM is one of the better devices available. D-STATCOM is a shunt-connected solid-state device employed&nbsp;at the distribution network to maintain load-side disturbances. It has exceeded the traditional capacitor being used improve power quality with it's lower upfront investment, outstanding dynamics, absence of static, and lower operational expenses. The sorts, architectural style, operating, control systems, and AI are all described in this article.</p> Vidhyavati Suryawanshi, Dr. Surbhi Gupta Copyright (c) 2021 Vidhyavati Suryawanshi, Dr. Surbhi Gupta Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000