SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE <h2 data-fontsize="18" data-lineheight="27"><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE</strong></h2> <p><strong>IJOSCIENCE (International Journal Online of Science<em>)</em> is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes monthly. IJOSCIENCE has been granted ISSN No 2455-0108 in the year 2015.</strong></p> <h3 class="fusion-page-title-bar fusion-page-title-bar-none fusion-page-title-bar-left">Publication Model</h3> <p> </p> <h4><strong>IJOSCIECE is an Open Access journal and we don’t receive any grant by any organization, hence we ask our authors to pay Article Processing Charge (APC). APC covers the expense of the administrative cost, the peer review process, publication processes, online publication, hosting the website, online security (virus attack), etc. An author will be asked to pay the publication fee along with the acceptance letter.</strong></h4> <p>Authors paying fees do not mean that the process would be curtailed short or they can get their publication fast. IJOSCIENCE does not compromise with its quality standards. We do not accept any fee unless a manuscript meets its set benchmarks or standards. This fee is only charged to meet the publication expense requirements. </p> <p>See the <a href="">Call for Paper</a> webpage for the Article Processing Fee information.</p> <p><strong>Ownership Statement</strong></p> <p>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE iis published by <a href="">SMART MOVES</a> publications, Bhopal, M.P., India. <strong>SMART MOVES</strong> (organisation name) is a registered organisation in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Smart Moves is a publishing house that was established in the year 2012. Mr Rajeev Tiwari (name of a person) is the proprietor/owner of Smart Moves. SMART MOVES is a for-profit publishing organisation.</p> <p><strong>About SMART MOVES</strong></p> <p>Please find the link to our publisher website <a href="">SMART MOVES</a></p> <p>Smart Moves is publishing research papers in order to enable online platforms to reach the international research fraternity. Smart Moves also publishes books in both formats, ebooks and print mode.</p> <p>We are publishing four open-access online journals Please find details below- </p> <p> 1-<a href=""></a></p> <p>2-<a href=""></a></p> <p>3-<a href=""></a></p> <p>4-<a href=""></a></p> SMART MOVES en-US SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE 2582-4600 <p align="justify">IJOSCIENCE follows an Open Journal Access policy. Authors retain the copyright of the original work and grant the rights of publication to the publisher with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons CC BY License </a>that allows others to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. Authors are permitted to post their work in institutional repositories, social media or other platforms. </p> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <ul id="deed-conditions-no-icons" class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> </div> </div> Anomaly Detection for IOT/Cloud-Based Model in Fog Computing Using Machine Learning <p>We know that the key technologies that are involved in the Internet of Things are wireless sensor networks and cloud computing, big data, embedded systems, and the internet. It is a giant network with connected devices. These devices gather and share data. But many IoT devices have poor security and cybercriminals are taking benefit of this. The two techniques cloud and fog computing both combined can be used to transfer secure data in IoT devices as cloud computing provides storage of data on cloud servers and fog computing offers us various services to access data and provides support for cloud servers. This research work presents various techniques to detect an intruder and anomaly detection in IoT-based cloud systems. Also, a comparison of all the techniques used to detect intruders and anomalies are compared on various parameters like accuracy, performance, efficiency, precision, recall, the detection rate.</p> Suraj Nayak Shadab Pasha Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Suraj Nayak, Shadab Pasha Khan 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 8 12 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i7.489 CFD Simulation of HVAC System in a Building using ANSYS - Fluent <p>The aim of the study is to simulate the functionality of a HVAC system in different situations, summer and winter time, using specialized software ANSYS-Fluent. A 2D building model was realized and simulating the internal conditions represented the main elements of the study. There are studied the indoor air temperature and air velocity in different conditions. The results are presented as graphs/plots and spectra of interest parameters. HVAC system functionality simulation using ANSYS-Fluent is providing important results for the studied scenario.</p> <p>The study aimed to simulate HVAC system functionality in different situations, summer and winter time, using specialized software ANSYS-Fluent. The realization of 2D building model and simulation of external and internal conditions it represents the main elements of simulation. As general conclusion, it can be stated with certainty that the recently implemented HVAC system reaches its task and provides adequate comfort conditions inside the amphitheater during both seasons.</p> <p>The average velocities, are slightly bigger during summer season, due to higher airflows required. However, this effect doesn’t affect the occupants, because they are lower than the comfort ones. HVAC system functionality simulation using ANSYS-Fluent is providing important results for the studied scenario. This type of analysis can be used for pre-examination of the future projects in order to obtain functional systems and verify the all requirements for the HVAC installation. The results can be used in further analysis for determining the correlations to the main comfort indicators, PMV and PPD.</p> Imran Ansari Atul Shankar Suman Copyright (c) 2022 Imran Ansari, Atul Shankar Sumanb 2022-08-07 2022-08-07 1 7 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i7.488 Sparse Convolution Neural Network for Image Denoising <p>In this paper, Convolution neural network (CNN) is used to enhance&nbsp;the efficiency and adaptability of image noise reduction. To increase de-noising efficacy, the component enlarges the receiving area of the region employing dilated and traditional convolutions in the sparse representation stage. The feature augmentation phase uses system global and regional features to increase image de-noising interpretation. The Sparse representation comprised of dilated and generalized convolutions is given to improve de-noising acceleration&nbsp;and efficiency. The reconstructive stage is then employed to collect noise information completely. Finally, employing&nbsp;the residue learning approach, this phase manages to generate&nbsp;the noise free&nbsp;image. The result analysis shows the efficiency of proposed framework over existing works.</p> Dheeraj Kumar Chaturvedi Saima Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Dheeraj Kumar Chaturvedi, Saima Khan 2022-05-30 2022-05-30 1.5 1.5 Overview on the Constructional Dynamics Types of Load on a Flyover <p><strong>Flyovers or grade separators are bridges built over a traffic intersection to allow people to literally ‘fly over’ the traffic. Flyovers were required on ring roads meeting arterial interchanges, over rivers (“where they are called bridges") or across railway lines. In the past, some flyovers were constructed in different urban locations in India.Thus it is necessary to construct the flyover which is sustainable. Quality and structural design matters a lot, otherwise constructing a flyover is just the waste of money. This paper present the overview of flyover, the constructional procedure of flyover as well as the types of load on the flyover.</strong></p> Abhishek Kundan Dr. Sharad Kumar Soni Copyright (c) 2022 Abhishek Kundan, Dr. Sharad Kumar Soni 2022-04-28 2022-04-28 32 36 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i4.485 Designing UPFC with Controller Driving Dual Converter Topology in a Grid Integrated PV System <p>Renewable energy source (RES)-based electricity generating plants are expensive and complicated, requiring controls to deal with the energy input's intermittent renewables and fluctuation. If the grid interface of these devices is not monitored and maintained within the norms, it presents a problem of providing electricity to the utilities. Thus researchers have discusses several grid interface and control strategies for RES-based generators. This paper discusses the technique of improving power quality by using UPFC (Unified Power Flow Control) having&nbsp; PI controller.</p> Ashok Kumar Nand Lal Shah Copyright (c) 2022 Ashok Kumar, Nand Lal Shah 2022-04-28 2022-04-28 22 31 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i4.484 Comparative Analysis of Electric Traction System with PI Controller and PSO Optimization Algorithm <p><strong>Electrical traction refers to a system that uses electrical power for traction, such as railways, trams, trolleys, and other vehicles. The term "track electrification" refers to the type of power source that used power electric locomotive systems. It could be AC, DC, or a hybrid supply. This paper provides the comparative analysis of electric traction system with PI controller and PSO Optimization Algorithm</strong></p> Abhinav Kumar Tiwrai Prof. Vivek Koshta Copyright (c) 2022 Abhinav Kumar Tiwrai, Prof. Vivek Koshta 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 12 21 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i4.482 Analysis of LVDS and HVDS for its Effects at the Loading Points <p><strong>Power is a crucial component for India's economic development. Advancement of productivity expansion will be contingent on a financially and financially successful electricity industry capable of attracting additional investment. Generating capacity inside the electric power industry are strongly reliant on the off-taker's, transportation, and distributing organizations' reputation. In generally, electromagnetic electricity is generated in power plants that are positioned far from where the users live. It is then distributed to users via a vast transmission and distribution. The modern power generation system is based on Alternating Current (AC). The purpose of this article is to conduct a comparison analysis of the results at load locations in the voltage and low power distribution channels.</strong></p> Anshul Bhanu Tiwari Prof. Priyank Shrivastava Dr. Manju Gupta Copyright (c) 2022 Anshul Bhanu Tiwari, Prof. Priyank Shrivastava, Dr. Manju Gupta 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 1 11 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i4.481 Study on Rail Electrification Systems and their Harmonic Distortion Issues <p>Due to the harmonics insertion from of the asymmetric electric engine, particularly high / elevated / sizable trains, torque ripple and chromatic resonant difficulties have been commonly documented in railway electrification systems (RESs). We investigated the imbalance and switching frequency caused by a neighborhood transmission system, as well as their effects and mitigation policies, in this work. The varying levels of deformation in the supplying program's input characteristics can present a hazard to the propulsion loads. The many</p> Abhinav Kumar Tiwrai Prof. Vivek Koshta Copyright (c) 2022 Abhinav Kumar Tiwrai, Prof. Vivek Koshta 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 37 41 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i3.480 CFD Analysis of Various Design Aspects in Baffle Tube Heat Exchanger <p><strong>To improve temperature difference, a computer simulation assessment for a rectangular duct with right angle confounds heat exchanger with small displacements and bewilder height was carried out. A total of 10 There were three separate two half Autocad models of rectangular shaped channel with bewilders spacing of 40 milimetre, 80 milimetre, and 120 milimetre&nbsp;and baffle heights of 10 mm, 12.5 milimetre, and 15 milimetre&nbsp;developed. The major goal of this study is to run computer simulations to see how Cu water nanoparticle affect the architecture and thermally hydrodynamic characteristics of a rectangular duct with baffles exchanger. The bottom walls of the canal, as well as the baffles, are regarded isothermal zones, whereas the sidewalls are termed regular zones. This approach employs a second derivative upwind mass and energy equation. The baffle pitch and height have a significant influence on the temperature distribution from the rectangle shaped channel &nbsp;heating element, with a maximal temperature fluctuations of 9.831oC and a maximum heat transfer of 6.571 KW for baffle spacing 40 mm and height 15 mm for rectangle channel without opposite baffles. In comparison to the base design of rectangle shaped channels exchanger, the temperature difference increases nearly 1.5 times as even the width is decreased.</strong></p> Ajeet Kumar Mishra Prof. Shamir Daniel Prof. Amit Kumar Asthana Copyright (c) 2022 Ajeet Kumar Mishra, Prof. Shamir Daniel, Prof. Amit Kumar Asthana 2022-03-28 2022-03-28 24 36 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i3.479 CFD Assessment of Flow Maldistribution in Plate Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers <p><strong>The primary goal of this work is to use CFD assessment simulating framework is to anticipate the impact of injecting air flowing mal-distribution on heat exchanger architecture and thermal flow characteristics. Using CFD (computational fluid dynamics)&nbsp;simulation-studies, determine the impact of air intake&nbsp;flow unequal distribution or mal-distribution&nbsp;on the complete redesign as well as high - temperature hydraulic performing ability&nbsp;of HEX (heat exchangers). The findings demonstrate that a plate as well as tube&nbsp;fin heating element consisting of&nbsp;an elongated tubular setup slanted&nbsp;by 30 degrees can achieve the highest temperature transmission, having&nbsp;a heat transfer ability of 23.22 percent greater than a (SPHEX)&nbsp;spherical pipe heat exchanger.</strong></p> Anupama Yadav Pankaj Badgaiyan Amit Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2022 Anupama Yadav, Pankaj Badgaiyan, Amit Kumar Singh 2022-03-28 2022-03-28 15 23 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i3.478 A Review on Various Types of Fins Geometries in Plate fin and Tube Heat Exchangers <p>Fin-and-tube heat exchanging systems&nbsp;are the another very commonly utilised heat exchangers for thermal energy transformation, with implementations in air conditioners, cooling systems, the automotive sector, electrical gadgets, and other areas. The market for more effective refrigeration via smaller heat exchangers has resulted in extensive investigation on the subject. The thermal efficiency exploration methodologies and comprehensive flow and heat transfer analysing outcomes of fin-and-tube HEs are summarised in this review. This study also examined the massive heat transfer boosters, as well as their arrangement and shape. In addition, an overview of both theoretical and empirical research on the effectiveness of HEs is provided</p> Anupama Yadav Pankaj Badgaiyan Amit Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2022 Anupama Yadav, Pankaj Badgaiyan, Amit Kumar Singh 2022-02-28 2022-02-28 45 51 10.24113/ijoscience.v8i2.477