An Experimental Analysis Of The performance Of Refrigeration System Based On (R134a + Al2O3) Refrigerant


  • Shivangi Shrivastava Research Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sagar Institute of Science & technology, Bhopal, India
  • Sanjay Chhalotre Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sagar Institute of Science & technology, Bhopal , India



Aluminum oxide nanoparticles, Nanorefrigerant, Thermal conductivity, The COP of the system, Energy consumption.


In this paper , study deals with the experimental investigations of the performance of a vapour compression refrigeration system   based on (R134a + Al2O3) nanorefrigerant. The experimental setup is build up as per the national standards of India, and made to function under varying conditions. Throughout the research work, an effort is made for analysing the effect of that of the nanoparticles on the performance of that of the refrigeration system. R134a  is used as the base refrigerant which is one of the refrigerants used commonly . Aluminium oxide (Al2O3) nanoparticles of size (60-70) nm were being employed in that of the refrigeration system. Two concentrations of the nanoparticles were used.    Observations revealed that there was an improvement in that of the thermo-physical properties of refrierant and also in the performance       of the refrigeration system by the addition of aluminium oxide nanoparticles into  the refrigerant. The COP of the system was also seen to be improved during that of the investigations (1.17% – 8.40%).


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Bi, S., Shi, L. and Zhang, L., 2007, ‘Performance study of a domestic refrigerator using R134a/mineral oil/nano-TiO2 as working fluid,’ ICR07-B2-346.

Bi, S., Guo, K., Liu, Z. and Wu, J., 2011, ‘Performance of a domestic refrigerator using TiO2-R600a nano-refrigerant as working fluid,’ Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 52, pp.733–737.

Choi, S.U.S., 1995, ‘Enhancing thermal conductivity of fluids with nanoparticles,’ ASME FED 231, Vol. 66, pp. 99–103.

Coumaressin, T., Palaniradja, K., 2014, ‘Performance Analysis of a Refrigeration System Using Nano Fluid,’ International Journal of Advanced Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 4, pp. 459-470.

Ding, G., 2007, ‘Recent developments in simulation techniques for vapour-compression refrigeration systems,’ International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 30, pp. 1119-1133.

Kumar, R.R., Sridhar, K., Narasimha, M., 2013, ‘Heat transfer enhancement in domestic refrigerator using R600a/mineral oil/nano-Al2O3 as working fluid,’ International Journal of Computational Engineering, Vol. 03, pp. 42-50.

Kumar, S.D. and Elansezhian, R., 2012, ‘Experimental Study on Al2O3-R134a Nano

Refrigerant in Refrigeration System,’ International Journal of Modern Engineering

Pang, C., Kang, Y.T., 2012, ‘Stability and Thermal Conductivity Characteristics of Nanofluids (H2O/CH3OH+NaCl+Al2O3 Nanoparticles) for CO2 Absorption Application,’

International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, pp. 2161.

Pawel, K.P., Jeffrey, A.E. and David, G.C., 2005, ‘Nanofluids for thermal transport’,

Subramani, N., Prakash, M.J., 2011, ‘Experimental studies on a vapour compression system using nanorefrigerants,’ International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, Vol. 3, pp. 95-102.

Wang, X., Xu, X. and Choi, S.U.S., 1999, ‘Thermal conductivity of nanoparticle- fluid mixture’, J. Thermal Physics Heat Transfer, Vol. 13, pp. 474.

Xie, H., Wang, J., Xi, T., Liu, Y., 2002a, ‘Thermal conductivity of suspensions containing nanosized SiC particles’, International Journal Thermo physics, Vol. 23, pp. 571.




How to Cite

Shrivastava, S., & Chhalotre, S. (2017). An Experimental Analysis Of The performance Of Refrigeration System Based On (R134a + Al2O3) Refrigerant. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE, 3(4), 1–4.