Motorcycle’s Helmet Design
Keywords:deformation; reinforced; (key words)
More than 80 percent of all motorcycle crashes result in injury or death to the motorcyclist. Per mile driven, a motorcyclist is 16 times more likely to die in a crash than an automobile driver. Wearing a motorcycle helmet reduces that risk by almost one-third (29 percent). Wearing a helmet is the single most critical factor in preventing or reducing head injuries among motorcycle drivers and passengers. First, about half of all serious motorcycle accidents happen when a car pulls in front of a bike in traffic. These accidents typically happen at very low speeds, with a typical impact velocity, after all the braking and skidding, below 40 kmph. Actual crash speeds are slow, but the damage isn’t. The energy is proportional to the height from which the rider falls—not his forward speed at the time. A high-speed crash may involve a lot of sliding along the ground, but all modern full-face helmets do an excellent job of protecting you from abrasion. Helmets hit a flat asphalt surface (75-85%) Helmets do hit curbs a small percentage of the time, but usually after sliding along on the road first. The aim of this study is to find the Vibrational deformation using a motorcycle helmet including different material. The material considered for the analysis are polycarbonates and polypropylene is most commonly used engineering material but having certain limitations and to overcome those we have taken an alternative material for design and analysis point of view i.e. carbon fibre. The most commonly used materials for motorcycle helmet are Fiber reinforced plastic, Polypropylene and other plastic materials out of which find that the carbon fibre is best suited for helmet material for high impact of helmets this result shows that the helmet deformation was higher with the polypropylene material with maximum frequency, while helmet constructed via carbon fiber had less deformation rate with less frequency The comparison of material also shows the reflection of the above three points that carbon fibre can be better and best suited for helmet design and analysis.
F.M. Shuaeib, A.M.S. Hamouda, S.V. Wong, R.S. Radin Umar, M.M.H. Megat Ahmed, “A new motorcycle helmet liner material: The finite element” Materials and Design 28 (2007) 182–195.
Chia-Yuan Chang, Chih-Hsiang Ho, San-Yi Chang, “DESIGN OF A HELMET” ME 499/599 Fall 2003.
Praveen Kumar Pinnoji, PuneetMahajan, “Impact Analysis of Helmets for Improved Ventilation with Deformable Head Model” IRCOBI Conference - Madrid (Spain) - September 2006.
N.J. Mills and A. Gilchrist, “Oblique impact testing of bicycle helmets” Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.
N.J. Mills and A. Gilchrist, “Finite-element analysis of bicycle helmet oblique impacts” Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.
Afshari, A. &Rajaai, S. M. “Finite Element Simulations Investigating The Role of the Helmet in Reducing Head Injuries” Int j simul model 7 (2008) 1, 42-51.
N.J. Mills , S. Wilkesb, S. Derlerc , A. Flischd, “FEA of oblique impact tests on a motorcycle helmet” International Journal of Impact Engineering 36 (2009) 913-925 913.
N.J. Mills, “Critical evaluation of the SHARP motorcycle helmet rating” received 5 May 2009, final version received 28 July 2009.
MazdakGhajari and UgoGalvanetto, ”Virtual and Experimental Testing of Helmets” MRTN-CT-2006-035965 MYMOSA.
Chawla, SandeepKadam, Singh S .P. “Dynamic Modelling Based Optimal Design Of A Crash Helmet” July 2010.
M. Aiello , U. Galvanetto& L. Iannucci. “Numerical simulations of motorcycle helmet impact tests”08 Jul 2010.
Forero Rueda, Manuel A.; Cui, Liang; Gilchrist, M. D. ” Finite element modelling of equestrian helmet impacts exposes the need to address rotational kinematics in future helmet designs” Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 14 (12): 1021-1031.
F.A.O. Fernandes, R.J. Alves de Sousa. “Motorcycle helmets—A state of the art review” Accident Analysis and Prevention 56 (2013) 1– 21.
Peter Halldin and Sven Kleiven. “The development of next generation test standards for helmets.” Helmet Performance and Design ISBN 978-0-9572298-2-2.
Gaetano Davide Caserta, MazdakGhajari, UgoGalvanetto and Lorenzo Iannucci“Finite element modelling of a honeycomb reinforced helmet.”Helmet Performance and Design ISBN 978-0-9572298-2-2.
BS Shishodia, S. Sanghi, P Mahajan. “A comparative study of turbulence models performance for the study of air flow in helmets.” Helmet Performance and Design ISBN 978-0-9572298-2-2.
V. C. Sathish Gandhi, R. Kumaravelan, S. Ramesh, M. Venkatesan, M. R. Ponraj. “Performance Analysis of Motor Cycle Helmet under Static and Dynamic Loading.”Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering Vol. 18, No. 2 (2014) 85–96.
TasnimFirdaus Ariff1, Muhammad EzurinJalil. “Design Improvements in the Inner Shell of a Motorbike Helmet Using Coconut Fiber Composite.” 80/14/2nd ICETSR.
Tyler Lawrence Shaw “Biomechanic Analysis of Injury Mitigation Performance For Novel Helmet Design.” San Diego State University, 2014.
Nermin M. Aly and Ali Marwa A. “Evaluation of the Performance of New Laminated Composite Shells for Motorcycle Helmets.” Nermin M. Aly et al. / International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET).
Edward B. Becker, Denis V. Anishchenko, Stephanie B. Palmer. “Motorcycle Helmet Impact Response at Various Levels of Severity for Different Standard Certifications.”IRCOBI Conference 2015.
Saroj Kumar Biswal, S.M.Shahrukh Rais, Karanam Krishna. “Impact Test Analysis on A 2-Wheeler Helmet Using 3d Modelling and Analysing Software for Two Different Materials” April 2016 | IJIRT | Volume 2 Issue 11 | ISSN: 2349-6002.
Tso-Liang Teng, Cho-Chung Liang and Van-Hai Nguyen. “Assessment of a bicycle helmet liner with semispherical cones” 5 May 2014; accepted: 18 December 2014.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Dharampal Tiwari, Pankaj Pandey
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
IJOSCIENCE follows an Open Journal Access policy. Authors retain the copyright of the original work and grant the rights of publication to the publisher with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons CC BY License that allows others to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. Authors are permitted to post their work in institutional repositories, social media or other platforms.
Under the following terms:
- No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.