Solar Flat Plate Collector with Baffles: A Review
Given rapid depletion of conventional energy sources and environmental degradation caused by their over exploitation, the renewable energy sources are believed to be the future. Technologies utilizing renewable energy sources differ significantly from one another, not only with regard to technical and economic aspects but also in relation to their reliability, maturity, and operational experience in utility scale conditions. Technologies used to harness solar energy have emerged as the most promising and mature since solar energy is abundant, freely available, and it has commercial potential too. The heat transfer enhancement is very important in many engineering applications to increase the efficiency of solar flat plate collectors. The active techniques require external power like surface vibrations, electrical fields etc. and the passive techniques are those which does not require any external power. Our research involves a solar flat plate collector setup whose risers were designed with two variants namely a riser without inserts and a riser with semicircular baffles. The major aim of the research is to create a turbulent flow of water in the riser so that more efficient heat transfer takes place thereby increasing the efficiency of the entire system.
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