A Study on Digital Watermarking Techniques


  • Garima Bhargava M.Tech. Scholar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Sagar Institute of Research & Technology, Bhopal, M.P, India
  • Arun Jhapate Professor , Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Sagar Institute of Research & Technology, Bhopal, M.P, India




Digital watermarking was introduced as a result of rapid advancement of networked multimedia systems. It had been developed to enforce copyright technologies for cover of copyright possession. This technology is first used for still images however recently they need been developed for different multimedia objects like audio, video etc. Watermarking, that belong to the information hiding field, has seen plenty of research interest. There's a lot of work begin conducted in numerous branches in this field. The image watermarking techniques might divide on the idea of domain like spatial domain or transform domain or on the basis of wavelets. The copyright protection, capacity, security, strength etc are a number of the necessary factors that are taken in account whereas the watermarking system is intended. This paper aims to produce a detailed survey of all watermarking techniques specially focuses on image watermarking types and its applications in today’s world.


Download data is not yet available.


Ali, M., Ahn, C.W., Pant, M., et al.: ‘An image watermarking scheme in wavelet domain with optimized compensation of singular value decomposition via artificial bee colony’, Inf. Sci., 2015, 301, (4), pp. 44–60.

Makbol, N.M., Khoo, B.E., Rassem, T.H.: ‘Block-based discrete wavelet transform-singular value decomposition image watermarking scheme using human visual system characteristics’, IET Image Process., 2016, 10, (1), pp. 34–52.

FindIk, O., Babaoglu, I., Ülker, E.: ‘A color image watermarking scheme based on artificial immune recognition system’, Expert Syst. Appl., 2011, 38, (3), pp. 1942–1946.

Vahedi, E., Zoroofi, R.A., Shiva, M.: ‘Toward a new wavelet-based watermarking approach for color images using bio-inspired optimization principles’, Digit. Signal Process., 2012, 22, (1), pp. 153–162.

Chou, C.H., Wu, T.L.: ‘Embedding color watermarks in color images’, EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process., 2003, 2003, (1), pp. 32–40.

Lai, C.C.: ‘An improved SVD-based watermarking scheme using human visual characteristics’, Opt. Commun., 2011, 284, (4), pp. 938–944.

Golea, N.E.H., Seghir, R., Benzid, R.: ‘A blind RGB color image watermarking based on singular value decomposition’. 2010 IEEE/ACS Int. Conf. on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA), Hammamet, Tunisia, May 2010, pp. 1–5.

Bhatnagar, G., Raman, B.: ‘A new robust reference logo watermarking scheme’, Multimedia Tools Appl., 2011, 52, (2–3), pp. 621–640.

Charles Way Hun Fung, Walter Godoy Jr., “A New Approach of DWT-SVD Video Watermarking”, International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling & Simulation, IEEE, 2011.

Divjot Kaur Thind, Sonika Jindal, “A Semi Blind DWT-SVD Video Watermarking”, International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies, 2-14.

Aparna J R, Sonal Ayyappan, “Image Watermarking using Diffie Hellman Key Exchange Algorithm”, International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies, 2014.

Adamu Muhammad Buhari, Huo-Chong Ling, Vishnu Monn Baskaran, KokSheik Wong, “Fast Watermarking Scheme for Real-time Spatial Scalable Video Coding”, Signal Processing : Image Communication, 2016.

Lamia Rzouga Haddada, Bernadette Dorizzi, Najoua Essoukri Ben Amara, “A combined watermarking approach for securing biometric data”, Signal Processing : Image Communication, 2017.

Rohit Thanki, Vedvyas Dwivedi, Komal Borisagar, “A hybrid watermarking scheme with CS theory for security of multimedia data”, Journal of King Saud University – Computer and Information Sciences, 2017.

Venugopala P S, Dr. Sarojadevi H, Dr.Niranjan.N.Chiplunkar, “An Approach to Embed Image in Video as Watermark Using a Mobile Device”, Elsevier, 2017.

D. Chopra, P. Gupta, Gaur Sanjay B.C and A. Gupta, “Lsb Based Digital Image Watermarking For Gray Scale Image,” IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSRJCE) ISSN: 2278-0661, ISBN: 2278-8727 Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 36-41, Sep-Oct. 2012.

[8] B. Surekha, Dr G.N. Swamy, “A Spatial Domain Public Image Watermarking,” International Journal of Security and Its Applications Vol. 5, No. 1, Jan. 2011.

S. D. Lin and C. F. Chen, “A Robust DCT-Based Watermarking for Copyright Protection”, IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, Vol. 46, No. 3, pp. 415-421, August 2000.

S.M. Mohidul Islam, Rameswar Debnath, S.K Alamgir Hossain, “DWT Based Digital Watermarking Technique and its Robustness on Image Rotation, Scaling, JPEG compression, Cropping and Multiple Watermarking,” IEEE Conference on ICICT, ISBN: 984-32-3394-8, pp. 7-9, March 2007.

A.Akter, Nur-E-Tajnina, and M.A.Ullah, “Digital Image Watermarking Based on DWT-DCT: Evaluate for a New Embedding Algorithm”, IEEE, 3rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATICS, ELECTRONICS & VISION, pp. 1-6, 2014.

S. K. Prajapati, A. Naik and A. Yadav, “Robust Digital Watermarking using DWT-DCT-SVD”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications Vol. 2, No. 3, pp.991-997, May-Jun 2012.

Sami E. I. Baba, Lala Z. Krikor, Thawar Arif and Zyad Shaaban, “Watermarking of Digital Images in Frequency Domain," Proc. Springerlink International Journal of Automation and Computing 7(1), pp. 17-22, February 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s11633-010-0017-7.




How to Cite

Bhargava, G., & Jhapate, A. (2018). A Study on Digital Watermarking Techniques. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSCIENCE, 4(3), 22–27. https://doi.org/10.24113/ijoscience.v4i3.130